Lt. General Clapper is an Army Brat and an Overseas Brat. He graduated from Nurenburg AHS, Nurenburg, Germany, Class of 1959. He is also a University of Maryland-Munich Alumnus.
General Clapper started his military career as an enlistee in the Marine Corps. He then switched to the AF Officer’s Candidate School and became a career AF officer.
He was director of the Defense Intelligence Agency from 1991-95 when he retired from the Air Force. Following six years in private industry, in 2001 he became head of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency under Homeland Security, a position he currently holds. (Updated Nov 2005)